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Colorectal cancer

We have already seen that Belviq causes cancer. Along with Pancreatic cancer, Colorectal cancer has also been found as one of the side effects of the belviq diet pill. Belviq was an approved weight loss drug that brought hope for millions of obese people, but the recent findings have deemed it unfit. Losing weight should not come at the cost of one’s life. Though the pill’s distribution has been discontinued, if you had used it in the past, then there are chances of you suffering from chronic diseases. Read on to know more about the situation, symptoms, causes, and treatment.

Introduction

Colorectal cancer is a combined term used for both the cancer of colon and rectum. It is the third most common cancer and the third leading cause of cancer-related deaths in the United States, excluding skin cancers. The risk of developing cancer is higher in men. According to the American Cancer Society, the lifetime risk depends on many factors, and it is expected to cause about 53,200 deaths in 2020. Cancer can be malignant, or, non-cancerous, or benign. Being malignant means, it can spread to other body parts and damage them.

What is Colorectal Cancer?

Cancer starts when the cells in any part of the body grow uncontrollably. Also known as bowel cancer, colorectal cancer is the cancer which affects the rectum and the colon. The cancer is named colon cancer or rectal cancer, depending on where it starts.
The colon absorbs salt and water from the food that is left after passing through the small intestine. The rectum is the final 6-inch part of the digestive system that stores the waste which it gets from the colon. Colon and rectal have many features in common; thus, the two cancers are grouped.

The growth of most colorectal cancers starts on the inner lining of rectum or colon in the form of polyps. The polyps can grow into cancer depending on the type and other factors of the polyp. Hyperplastic polyps and inflammatory polyps are more common but not cancerous. Whereas, adenomatous polyps change into cancer. More than two polyps or polyps larger than a centimeter increase risk of developing colorectal cancer. Cancer grows into the wall of the colon or rectum if cancer forms in a polyp. Cancer starts in the innermost layers and grows outward. The extent of the spread of cancer determines the stage of cancer. There are five stages of cancer, and two-fifth of cases aren’t diagnosed at the initial stage.

Types of Colorectal Cancer

96% of colorectal cancers are made up of Adenocarcinomas. This type of cancer starts in mucus, making cells lubricate the inside of the colon and rectum. Subtypes of this type, such as signet ring and mucinous, have a worse outlook. Other types of tumors include:

Lymphomas are cancer of immune system cells that start in lymph nodes but can also emerge in colon or rectum.

Gastrointestinal stromal tumors-GISTs start from interstitial cells of cajal but are benign and can be found anywhere in the digestive system.

Carcinoid tumors-The starting point is specialized hormone-making cells in the intestine.

Sarcomas-Very rare in the rectum or colon but can start in muscle layers, blood vessels, and connective tissues of the colon and rectum.

Causes and Risk Factors

Although there is no specific cause of colorectal cancer, a recent five-year study has shown that people on belviq medication for weight loss develop it as a side effect. Some of the risk factors are:

  • Eating processed or red meat.
  • If you have a tumor suppressor gene known as Sprouty2.
  • Smoking.
  • Obesity and being overweight.
  • Family history of colorectal cancer.
  • Older age.
  • Ovary, breast, or uterine cancer.
  • High alcohol consumption.
  • Low fiber and high-calorie diet.
  • No physical activity .

Symptoms

The symptoms are not very specific, and if they continue for four weeks, you should go for a diagnosis. Here are the common symptoms:

  • Constipation or diarrhea.
  • Changing bowel habits.
  • Abdomen bloating and pain.
  • Blood in feces and black stool.
  • Tiredness or fatigue.
  • Unreasonable weight loss.
  • Iron deficiency in men and post-menopausal women.
  • The feeling of a lump in back passage or abdomen.

Diagnosis and Treatment

If you happen to use the Belviq weight loss pills and experience any of the symptoms, an early-stage diagnosis will help cure the condition. The diagnosis process can include a blood stool test or fecal occult blood test, a stool DNA test, a flexible sigmoidoscopy, a barium enema X-ray, image scans, or colonoscopy. After the diagnosis, the treatment is dependent on various factors such as the location, size, and stage of cancer. The treatment options are:

Surgery-It is the most common treatment for this type of cancer. When detected early, surgery can successfully remove cancer. To reduce the risk of spreading, nearby lymph nodes are removed.

Radiation Therapy-It is commonly used for rectal cancer treatment and often used before surgery to shrink the tumor and after the surgery to prevent reoccurrence.

Chemotherapy-t is very commonly used in pre-treatment and destroying cancerous colorectal cells. Chemo reduces the chances of death and recurrence.

Ablation-This involves radiofrequency to destroy the tumor without removing it.

The chances of a complete cure depend on the stage at which the cancer was diagnosed. If you have fallen prey to belviq cancer, then we can help you cover the damages. We promise full sincerity regarding a claim against belviq. Contact us if you or a relative is stuck in this situation.

Frequently Asked Questions

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